President Trump on Tuesday night requested Congress to ban a kind of abortion sometimes called “late-term abortion.”

He stated he wished to guard “youngsters who can really feel ache within the mom’s womb.” He scorned New York’s just lately handed Reproductive Well being Act, saying that lawmakers had “cheered with delight upon the passage of laws that will enable a child to be ripped from the mom’s womb moments earlier than start.” It was a picture he has used earlier than, together with in a marketing campaign debate with Hillary Clinton.

There are inaccuracies and grey areas in Mr. Trump’s assertions. Right here’s a proof of the phrases and the science.

Roe v. Wade, the 1973 Supreme Court docket choice legalizing abortion, stated that abortion ought to be allowed till the time a fetus may survive outdoors the womb, some extent (often called viability) that medical science usually considers to be at about 24 weeks of being pregnant. The Court docket has additionally specified that abortion ought to be authorized after viability in sure circumstances — if persevering with the being pregnant would severely threaten the lady’s life or well being.

Late-term abortion is a phrase utilized by abortion opponents to seek advice from abortions carried out after about 21 weeks of being pregnant. It isn’t the identical because the medical definition obstetricians use for “late-term,” which refers to pregnancies that stretch previous a girl’s due date, that means about 41 or 42 weeks. Opposite to Mr. Trump’s declare, late-term abortions don’t enable “a child to be ripped from the mom’s womb moments earlier than start.”

Very uncommon. The newest knowledge from the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention exhibits that about 1.three p.c of abortions carried out in the US in 2015 occurred in or after the 21st week of being pregnant. Abortions after 24 weeks comprise lower than one p.c of all abortions. After they happen, it is actually because the fetus has been discovered to have a deadly situation that would not be detected earlier, comparable to a extreme malformation of the mind, or as a result of the mom’s life or well being is at severe threat.

This can be a complicated situation. Most scientists who’ve examined the query say fetuses don’t develop the neurological wiring that will give them the flexibility to really feel ache till at the least 24 weeks — in different phrases after practically all abortions happen.

An evaluation of analysis on this space revealed within the JAMA in 2005 discovered that ache sensation requires neural connections into the cortex, and the cortex just isn’t functionally developed till the 26th week or later.

In 2010, a panel appointed by Britain’s Royal Faculty of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, revealed one other giant evaluate of the analysis concluding that “most neuroscientists imagine that the cortex is critical for ache notion” so “the fetus can’t expertise ache in any sense prior” to 24 weeks.

State legal guidelines fluctuate. In accordance with the Guttmacher Institute, a analysis group that helps abortion rights, 43 states ban some abortions after a sure level in being pregnant.

New York’s Reproductive Well being Act was handed to verify the state would proceed to make sure the precise to an abortion if the Supreme Court docket have been to overturn all or a part of Roe v. Wade. Some lawmakers in New York’s Democratic-controlled legislature stated they have been involved that President Trump’s appointments of two conservative justices, Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh, may put federal abortion protections in danger.

The brand new state legislation says a well being supplier might carry out an abortion within the state earlier than 24 weeks, if the fetus just isn’t thought of viable, or if the process is taken into account needed to guard the lady’s life or well being. These are all just like stipulations made by the Supreme Court docket.

In an opinion piece in The New York Instances on Wednesday, Gov. Andrew Cuomo, a Democrat, sharply disputed Mr. Trump’s characterization of the legislation. “Opposite to what its detractors declare, the Reproductive Well being Act doesn’t enable abortions minutes earlier than start, nor does it enable third-trimester abortions ‘for any cause,’” Mr. Cuomo wrote.

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