When Amazon introduced Thursday that it was abandoning plans for a further company headquarters in New York, nobody was extra stunned than the union leaders who had been in talks with the corporate the day earlier than.

On Wednesday, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo brokered a gathering between labor leaders and Amazon executives that resulted in a tentative settlement to hash out floor guidelines for a way the corporate would reply to efforts by employees to unionize, in line with the pinnacle of the retail employees’ union and one other one who was current.

Labor teams had resisted Amazon’s plans for an enormous Queens workplace advanced partly due to what they noticed as the corporate’s hostile relationship to unions. One of many important sticking factors was a newly opened $100 million Amazon warehouse on Staten Island’s west shore, the place the retail union is making an attempt to arrange the two,500 employees.

Employees went public with a marketing campaign to unionize the warehouse in December, shortly after Amazon named Queens as one of many websites of its headquarters growth. Labor leaders wished the corporate to chorus from aggressively discouraging workers from becoming a member of a union. Amazon had been resistant. It has no unions throughout its enormous nationwide community of warehouses or elsewhere amongst its work drive.

Amazon has different distribution facilities within the area, however the Staten Island operation was its first foothold in New York Metropolis, the place union opposition lengthy saved Walmart, one other nonunion retailer, from finding.

[Learn extra on Amazon’s resolution to drag its deliberate New York headquarters.

At a current listening to, the Metropolis Council speaker, Corey Johnson, requested Amazon executives whether or not they would stay impartial within the face of a unionization push. “No, sir,” replied Brian Huseman, a vice chairman on the firm. Reiterating a longstanding Amazon place, he mentioned the corporate felt it might greatest handle workers’ issues by sustaining a direct reference to them.

Then, on Wednesday at 11 a.m., Stuart Appelbaum, the pinnacle of the retail union, decamped to Governor Cuomo’s Manhattan workplace. In an interview, Mr. Appelbaum mentioned he was joined on the assembly by officers from the Teamsters and the A.F.L.-C.I.O., whereas Amazon was represented by a number of executives. The governor presided over the trade, which lasted greater than an hour, in line with Mr. Appelbaum and one different individual current.

“It was a really productive assembly, and we had been prepared to maneuver ahead,” Mr. Appelbaum mentioned in an interview. “We left there considering we had been on the highway to coping with our issues.” Amazon and Governor Cuomo’s workplace wouldn’t touch upon the assembly.

There is no such thing as a proof that the union situation was the first think about Amazon’s resolution. However the 11th-hour assembly urged that there remained a gap till simply earlier than the announcement got here.

By the assembly’s shut, Mr. Appelbaum mentioned, Mr. Cuomo had outlined a plan that the unions believed would ultimately lead to an settlement. The governor wished the labor teams to get their legal professionals to draft language about how it could like the corporate to deal with 4 features of its relationship with employees on the Staten Island warehouse, mentioned Mr. Appelbaum and the opposite individual.

Underneath the phrases mentioned, they mentioned, there can be no “hostility” between Amazon and the union; the corporate wouldn’t retaliate towards employees who sought to arrange; there can be a good union election course of; and there can be some settlement in regards to the union’s entry to employees and communications with them.

The labor teams didn’t insist that Amazon chorus from making its anti-union case to employees, Mr. Appelbaum mentioned. “We consider there must be neutrality” by the corporate towards unionization, he added, “however the governor mentioned to be able to make the deal occur that wouldn’t be a part of it.”

On Wednesday evening, he mentioned, his union’s legal professionals started writing pointers based mostly on the factors raised on the assembly. He mentioned he anticipated to maintain speaking with Amazon on how the 2 sides would take care of these points.

“It was a really cordial assembly,” he mentioned. “We addressed issues. We listened to one another. We talked about subsequent steps. Everybody agreed on a continued dialog.” The assembly ended with handshakes, he mentioned.

However a day later, he realized from a information alert that Amazon was backing out.

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