The totally different rulings haven’t had a big effect on Google’s monetary well being — Alphabet’s income final 12 months was $137 billion — however they’ve compelled the tech big to regulate some enterprise practices.

After the Android ruling final 12 months, Google started charging handset makers to pre-install Gmail, Google Maps and different widespread functions for Android units within the European Union.

Maybe in an try to go off extra inquiries, Google on Wednesday introduced a lot of additional adjustments to providers throughout Europe, after complaints from rivals that it continues to profit from anticompetitive enterprise practices.

For the primary time, the corporate stated, it will enable customers in Europe to change to a different internet browser and search engine on Android. To permit extra competitors when clients store with Google, the corporate additionally stated it will give different procuring websites extra prominence in its search outcomes. Google stated it will do the identical with native search queries, corresponding to when an individual browses for a restaurant, a transfer that might assist corporations corresponding to TripAdvisor and OpenTable in Europe.

Over the course of their yearslong overview of Google’s and others’ practices, European regulators have adopted robust new privateness guidelines that many nations exterior Europe now view as a template. Regulators right here have additionally investigated tech corporations’ tax practices and known as for extra scrutiny of synthetic intelligence.

Such stress on the know-how business shouldn’t be easing. The European Union is predicted to undertake new copyright rules as early as subsequent week that may impose restrictions to cease unlicensed content material, corresponding to music and movies, from being shared on tech platforms like Google and Fb. One other proposal makes an attempt to dam the sharing of hate speech and extremist content material, a coverage that some critics say might result in censorship.

On the similar time, regulators throughout Europe are pursuing a number of traces of inquiry.

Ms. Vestager’s workplace introduced final 12 months that Amazon is underneath investigation for its remedy of unbiased sellers who use its web site to succeed in clients.

Apple, which in 2017 was compelled to pay again taxes in Eire, is underneath scrutiny for its App Retailer insurance policies. Fb is going through separate investigations in a number of European nations for potential privateness violations. Google’s promoting practices are additionally being monitored by privateness advocates who’re urging regulators to start a brand new investigation for violating privateness rights.


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